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President Draupadi Murmu on Friday approved the bill to give 33% reservation to women in the country’s Lok Sabha and Assemblies. With this it became law. The Nari Shakti Vandan Act was passed by the Lok Sabha on 20 September and the Rajya Sabha on 21 September.
Even after this law is made, it will still take 149 years for the women of the country to become equal to men. Whereas, gender equality in the world will take 131 years. This estimate has been made in the Global Gender Gap Report 2023 of the World Economic Forum. The premise is that between 2006 and 2023, gender equality has improved by just 4% to 68%. If we grow at this pace, it will be difficult to reach 100% before the year 2154. Since in India it is at 64%, it will take 18 years more here.
Now let us know the reason for this…
Access to Education: Two-thirds of the world’s illiterate population are women. 25% of women aged 15-24 do not even have primary education.
legal title: Women in the world have got only 77% legal rights as compared to men. 240 crore women aged between 15 to 64 years live in countries where they are not given equal rights. According to World Bank research, more than 100 crore women do not have legal protection against domestic violence.
Restrictions in the decision itself: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 20 crore women are not free to decide whether to conceive. That is why 40% of pregnancies are happening without planning, out of which 50% result in miscarriage and 38% have to become mothers.
Inequality in Pay: There are 57 out of 146 countries where women are more educated than men. Despite this, the average income of men is 39% more than that of women.
What is the solution to this problem?
According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), if food, health, education and good child care schemes are implemented, women can soon become equal to men. According to the Global Gender Gap Report 2023, it may take 169 years for women to achieve economic equality with men and 162 years to achieve equality at the political level.
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Answers to 11 questions related to Women’s Reservation Bill
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