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All the ministers attended the meeting chaired by PM Modi.
The Union Cabinet met on the evening of Monday 18 September amid the special session of Parliament. Its official briefing has not come, but ANI quoted sources as saying that the Women’s Reservation Bill has been approved by the Cabinet.
Union Minister Prahlad Patel also posted on social media and said that the bill will be approved. However, after some time he deleted the tweet.
Modi government minister Prahlad Patel informed about the cabinet’s decision on social media.
Then every third member of the Lok Sabha will be a woman.
Media reports have claimed that the Women’s Reservation Bill will be introduced in the Lok Sabha on Tuesday. It was passed in the Rajya Sabha in 2010 itself. There is a provision to give 33% reservation to women. If this bill is passed, after the next Lok Sabha elections, every third member of the House will be a woman.
According to the report of news agency PTI, this reservation will be applicable in Lok Sabha and state assemblies. After the bill is passed, it will go to the President for approval. This bill will be implemented in the elections to be held after the law is made.
Nadda’s instructions to MPs – do not create ruckus
After the cabinet meeting, a two-hour meeting was held with 30 MPs at the house of BJP President JP Nadda. Sources said that MPs Gautam Gambhir, Meenakshi Lekhi, Mahesh Sharma, Kiren Rijiju attended the meeting.
According to sources, Nadda said – Last time when the Women’s Reservation Bill was brought in the Lok Sabha, there was a lot of controversy, so this time a briefing has been given to the MPs so that no such situation should arise. MPs should decide that the bill should be discussed without any uproar.
Congress’s support to the bill
Rahul Gandhi said that now rise above party politics. We will support the women’s reservation bill unconditionally. On the first day of the special session of Parliament, when Congress MP Adhir Ranjan Choudhary was speaking in the Lok Sabha after PM Modi, he started enumerating the works of the previous Congress governments, during which Sonia interrupted him and asked him to speak on women’s reservation.
Women’s reservation bill is pending for 13 years
On 9 March 2010, the 33% reservation bill for women was passed by the Rajya Sabha with a majority. Then SP and RJD had threatened to withdraw support from the then UPA government. After this the bill was not introduced in the Lok Sabha. Since then the women’s reservation bill is pending. SP and RJD were demanding one-third reservation for SC-ST and backward class women in the reservation for women.
Opposition is also in favor of women’s reservation bill
Telangana CM KCR’s daughter K. Kavita had held a meeting with 13 opposition parties in Delhi on 13 September. During this, he had demanded to present the Women Reservation Bill in the second phase of the budget session in the Parliament.
Kavita had said that her party Bharat Rashtra Samiti (BRS) believes that along with reservation for women, work should also be done on quota within quota.
At the same time, SP and RJD demand that in the existing reservation bill in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, one-third seat quota should be for women from backward classes (OBC) and scheduled castes (SC).
Kavita is demanding 33% reservation for women in Lok Sabha and Assemblies. Regarding this demand, Kavita had gone on a one-day hunger strike in Delhi on March 10. In which many parties including AAP, Akali Dal, PDP, TMC, JDU, NCP, CPI, RLD, NC and Samajwadi Party participated, but Congress did not participate.
Time line of demand for political reservation for women
1931: The issue of reservation for women in politics was discussed during the Indian National Movement. In this, leaders like Begum Shah Nawaz and Sarojini Naidu stressed on the demand for equal political status for women instead of giving preference to men.
The issue of women’s reservation was also discussed in the debates of the Constituent Assembly. Then it was rejected saying that in democracy all groups will automatically get representation.
1947: Freedom fighter Renuka Ray expressed hope that women’s rights and freedoms will be guaranteed after the people who fought for India’s independence come to power. However, this expectation was not fulfilled and women’s political representation remained limited.
1971: The Committee on the Status of Women in India was formed, which highlighted the declining political representation of women. Although many members of the committee opposed reservation for women in legislative bodies, they supported reservation for women in local bodies.
1974: A committee on the status of women submitted a report to the Ministry of Education and Social Welfare to increase the representation of women. In this report, it was recommended to reserve seats for women in Panchayats and municipal bodies.
1988: The National Perspective Plan for Women recommended reservation for women from the Panchayat level to the Parliament. It laid the foundation for the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments mandating one-third reservation for women in Panchayati Raj institutions and urban local bodies in all states.
1993: In the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments, one-third of the seats in Panchayats and municipal bodies were reserved for women. Several states, including Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Kerala, have implemented 50% reservation for women in local bodies.
1996: HD Deve Gowda’s government introduced the Women’s Reservation Bill in Parliament as the 81st Constitutional Amendment Bill. Soon after, his government was reduced to minority and the 11th Lok Sabha was dissolved.
nineteen ninety eight: The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government reintroduced the bill in the 12th Lok Sabha as the 84th Constitutional Amendment Bill. In protest against this, an RJD MP tore the bill. The bill again lapsed as the 12th Lok Sabha was dissolved with the Vajpayee government in minority.
1999: The NDA government once again introduced the bill in the 13th Lok Sabha, but the government again failed to garner consensus on the issue. The NDA government brought the bill in the Lok Sabha twice in 2002 and 2003, but it could not be passed even after the Congress and Left parties assured support.
2004: After coming to power, the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government announced its intention to pass the bill as part of its promise in the Common Minimum Program (CMP).
2008: The Manmohan Singh government introduced the bill in the Rajya Sabha and on May 9, 2008, it was referred to the Standing Committee on Law and Justice.
2009: The standing committee submitted its report and the bill was introduced in both houses of Parliament amid opposition from the Samajwadi Party, JD(U) and RJD.
2010: President Pratibha Patil in her address said that the government is committed to passing the bill soon.
2010: Union Cabinet approves Women’s Reservation Bill.
2010: The bill was introduced in the Rajya Sabha, but voting was postponed after SP and RJD threatened to withdraw support to the UPA government.
2010: On March 9, the Women’s Reservation Bill was passed in the Rajya Sabha by 186 votes against 1. However, it could not be presented in the Lok Sabha.
2014 and 2019: BJP promised 33% reservation for women in its election manifestos, but made no concrete progress on this front.
Women’s participation in world politics
These 4 bills are to be presented in the special session of Parliament…
1. The Chief Election Commissioner and Other Election Commissioners (Appointment, Conditions and Term of Office) Bill, 2023: This bill seeks to regulate the appointment of the Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and other Election Commissioners (ECs). According to the bill, the commissioners will be appointed by a panel of three members. Which will include the Prime Minister, the leader of the opposition in the Lok Sabha and a cabinet minister.
2. Advocates Amendment Bill 2023: Through this bill, the 64 year old Advocates Act, 1961 is to be amended. The bill also proposes to repeal the Legal Practitioners Act, 1879.
3. Press and Registration of Periodicals Bill 2023: This bill is related to registration and publications of any newspaper, magazine and books. The Press and Book Registration Act, 1867 will be repealed through the bill.
4. Post Office Bill, 2023: This bill will abolish the 125 year old Indian Post Office Act. This bill will make the work of the post office easier and will also give additional power to the post office officials.